Many dogs get hot spots, and they can appear anywhere on a dog’s body. Hot spot appear suddenly, the hair will fall out, the skin is swollen and red, and there is a bad smell. There are many reasons why dogs get hot spots, including allergy, fleas, parasites, mange, poor grooming, mites, and anal gland infection. When a dog has hot spots they will also itch.
You must cut the hair around the affected area, and the skin must be cleaned. Antibiotics are used to treat any infection that might have developed. Corticosteroids are given to control the itching. You must determine what is causing the hot spots before you can really treat them.
Hot spots usually occur on dogs with long thick coats, they occur more often in hot weather, and they appear to happen over night. Flea allergies seem to be the most often cause of hot spots.
Hot spots seem to be more prevalent in certain breeds. Golden retrievers, Newfoundland’s, German Shepherds and Collies seem to be prone to hot spots.
Hot spots are round raw lesions, and they are usually found on the dog’s head, hips and sides. The hot spots are moist and inflamed and are very painful. The dog will usually scratch, lick or bite the area. This will irritate the skin even more, and the sores can grow larger very fast.
Hot spots can mimic other skin problems so your veterinarian will need to examine your dog’s hot spots to determine the type of treatment that will be needed. Hot spots can be similar to some fungal infections.
Your veterinarian will determine the cause of your dog’s hot spots, and the treatment must be aimed at healing the hot spots as well as eliminating the cause.
Hot spots are treated by first clipping the hair around the sore. This will allow air to get to the inflamed skin and make it easier to treat the wound. The spot is then cleaned and a topical treatment is applied such as Beta dine or chlorhexidine. The veterinarian will prescribe oral antibiotics if the hot spot becomes infected. Oral anti-inflammatory medication may be prescribed in severe cases.
The cause of the hot spot must be identified and treated or the problem will just keep coming back. Infections on the hot spot will be treated with antibiotics. If fleas and mites are the cause, you will have to treat your dog to get rid of them. Giving your dog bathes with medicated shampoos is usually the treatment prescribed by your veterinarian.
Hot spots are very painful for your dog so you must find out the cause and treat him.