Creatures Great and Small

In the animal kingdom there are many extremes, from the largest animal, the blue whale, to the smallest, a microscopic parasite. From the tallest, a male giraffe, to the shortest, again a microscopic parasite of some type or another.

Most animals come in a general range of sizes, but for some reason or another, people are continually trying to manipulate those sizes. Either large animals are made small, or small animals are made large. We can never seem to be happy with the size things already are. Would an elephant be even more cool if it were tiny? Would a guinea pig be more interesting if it were huge?

Most domestic animals, from horses, to dogs, have been bred to reach size extremes, both large and small. To this extreme we see “giant” animals, and ones sold as “teacup” or even “shot glass” pets.

Belgian trotting.jpg

Photo source

This is a Belgian draft horse at a show, it is not the largest horse ever, or even the largest horse breed. 

Draft horses have always been large, but never so large as they are today, toping 19 hands. A hand measures 4 inches. A typical riding horse may be between 15 and 16.2 hands high.


Photo source

On the other hand horse have been bred smaller, and cuter than ever, to the point that miniature horses are now often under 5 hands high. Both of these extremes, but particularly the smaller version, are prone to health problems. Miniature horses often die during pregnancy or when delivering, and generally have shorter lifespans when extremely small.   At 17 inches, Thumbelina (pictured above) is clearly suffering from knee problems.

In the dog world the title of tallest breed often goes to the Great Dane, but Wolfhounds are not far off. Large breed dogs have short lifespans and ethical breeders know that encouraging fast growth actually hurts the dog, causing tremendous joint problems later in life.

Bravo @ Northern California Pirate Festival 2007 by r3v || cls.


Chihuahuas are generally considered one of the smallest breeds, with one dog standing less than 5 inches tall. When dogs are intentionally stunted through poor genetics or poor nutrition they are often called “tea-cups”. This is a sign that a dog will probably have a lot of health problems and a short lifespan. No reputable breeder would intentionally breed, or market, “teacup” dogs.

Chihuahua sandwich by Toronja Azul.

Photo Source

The largest cat must be a wild animal, although some house cats like to pretend they are huge when shredding a sofa. The male Siberian Tiger is undoubtedly the biggest big cat. Within domestic cats, the Maine Coon often claims the spot as being the largest cat, but typically some obese cats, suffering from overfeeding, weigh in at top spot. Sadly glamor is given to the owner in exchange for them abusing their cat with too much food, typically fattening food that is not suited for cats to begin with.

Harbin Siberian Tigers.jpg


A new cat breed was recently started when a cat was born with a mutation of having very short legs. This breed is now known as Munchkin. Typically their body size is normal, but their short legs give them a kitten like appearance, this breeds was not intentionally stunted through poor breeding although cats have since been selected to have shorter and shorter legs. They are not as unhealthy as animals bred to be small all over. A breed for known to be small all over is the Rusty Spotted cat. These cats may weigh under three pounds. Otherwise any abnormally small cat is usually the result of poor breeding or poor nutrition. Allowing a cat to breed too soon may stunt her growth. Both obese cats and those who are tiny have short lifespans plagued by health problems.

Munchkin cat grooming.jpg


Pigs on a farm are raised to become food on our plates. The bigger the better. Large pigs can actually be very dangerous to humans and can even, unintentionally, squish and kill their young. They can weigh over 800 pounds and are said to be as intelligent as dogs.

Oregon State Fair pigs.jpg


As sad as eating these intelligent animals is, it is sadder what the pet industry does to them. Intentionally stunted pigs are sold as pets. Typically these are miniature potbelly pigs stunted further because “cute” sells. They are given the name of “teacup” pot bellied pigs and are often sold at a high price tag. Untimately the pet suffers because while its outsides stop growing, its insides do not.

Dont ya think pigs can really fly? by be_khe.


Animals marketed as “Teacups” tend to have many health problems as a result of being poorly bred. Also consider that these pets are usually sold at a higher price tag because of being “cute” but will generally have more costly health care associated with them too.

Here are just some of the problems in “teacup” pets:

  • Heart complications (often not living more than a few months).
  • Digestive system complications (again contributing to a shorter lifespan).
  • May be born with liver deformities, known as shunts.
  • They are prone to hypoglycemia, and need smaller feedings more often.
  • They are prone to dehydration.
  • Their soft spot on their skull may not harden correctly, thus putting them at risk for injury.
  • When they get sick it is more difficult for them to recover.
  • They are more at risk for broken bones.
  • They often have an increase in dental problems.
  • An increase in rates of epilepsy.
  • They can be easily hurt through regular handling, by other pets, or by children.

Facts about the “giants” pets:

It is less likely for a breeder to encourage abnormal growth in an animal. Most realize that, for the pet industry, small tends to outsell large. With livestock the reverse is true, but little concern is given because the animals will be slaughtered. In general the health problems are addressed more directly when people are breeding large animals.

With dogs, and horses, this means care is taken to slow down their growth rate. Special foods are made for large breed dogs because if they grow too fast too much weight is carried on their joints. The same is true for horses, often the larger breeds are not ridden as young as the smaller ones for fear of long term damage done to their legs.

Heart issues are always a concern

Later in life, larger animals are very prone to arthritis.

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User Comments
  1. martie

    On June 29, 2009 at 5:09 am

    I have never understood why people wanted to change the size of an animal. Nature does enough of that when it becomes necessary.

  2. ken bultman

    On June 29, 2009 at 5:29 am

    This is a great article. I believe some standard breeds today suffer chronic ailments as a direct result of past inbreeding.

  3. Darla Beck

    On June 29, 2009 at 7:39 am

    Interesting article.

  4. Mark Gordon Brown

    On June 29, 2009 at 9:09 am

    Poor Thumbelina does not look cute at all, she just looks deformed. We keep minis but they are 30+ inches tall and look physically correct to a smaller horse. I would not suggest anyone support breeders who encourage horse sizes below 25 inches. “teacup” dogs and pigs are something people need to be aware of that they are buying a pet that will require years of special care. and those who say otherwise are obvioiusly missing something. Thank you.

  5. jedopi

    On June 29, 2009 at 10:09 am

    Again, fascinating article.

  6. PR Mace

    On June 29, 2009 at 12:54 pm

    Outstanding article. I think we should allow nature to run it’s course and allow animals to be the size God decided.

  7. Lostash

    On June 29, 2009 at 2:19 pm

    Why must we constantly tamper with mother nature? Especially for aesthetics!! One day, we’ll suffer as a result I’m sure! Great article.

  8. Bo Russo

    On June 29, 2009 at 2:27 pm

    They were in their natural state for a reason,why play god?

  9. Karen Gross

    On June 29, 2009 at 4:44 pm

    Very interesting. Small pets are cute – who hasn’t wished for a kitten to stay tiny? But to intentionally breed an animal who will suffer health problems just to satiate a market for smaller and smaller pets would be cruel. Carrying around a dog in a handbag should be illegal.

  10. Inna Tysoe

    On June 29, 2009 at 8:27 pm

    Good article.


  11. clay hurtubise

    On June 30, 2009 at 8:48 am

    Good piece. During my internship I had a Belgian Draft horse as a patient; gentlest animal I’ve ever dealt with.

  12. Daisy Peasblossom

    On June 30, 2009 at 1:28 pm

    I like my babies just the size they are–I do start checking if their appetite seems to change, however.

  13. Marie Milton

    On July 12, 2009 at 11:05 am

    Being a great lover of animals, such as myself, I truely love this peace of work…
    Take Care

  14. Arianny

    On August 18, 2009 at 2:10 am

    i aint evn no des thinqs exsisted i thouqht it waz just a picture u no but dats carzy i hope dat dey find a way so dey wnt have as many problems as dey do

  15. don cubine

    On September 2, 2009 at 2:47 pm

    A human, with intent, producing an animal doomed to misery and/suffering is actually a mutation and lower form of life.

  16. Tanya

    On September 25, 2009 at 12:53 pm

    Great article. Smaller animals are cute and bigger ones are cool; but it’s not cute or cool if an animal’s health is at risk. It’s just cruel to breed animals a certain way knowing their health could be in danger.

  17. Judy

    On October 27, 2010 at 1:00 am

    I know of several toy size and tea cup size that have lived long and healthy

  18. Brenda Nelson

    On October 27, 2010 at 11:05 am

    to Judy

    good.. toy sized dogs are not the concern, its teacup ones.

    No good breeder intentionally stunts dogs in this way, I am glad you were lucky and had healthy dogs but the majority of people will not, plus they are supporting unethical breeders, and this is part of the larger problem.

  19. collectorofarticles

    On November 5, 2010 at 11:03 am

    Look at that dog!!!! That’s a huge one! It could eat me whole! LOL

  20. animals

    On January 30, 2011 at 7:10 pm

    theres nothing rong with size change ya weirddos.

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