One of the favorite pets for young and old is the tortoise. This is a cute animal whose care does not imply a major effort. Keeping turtles at home is good for the education of children, among other things, learn to acquire certain responsibilities as responsible for feeding or maintenance of its cockpit.
Take care of your turtle
Knowledge of the tortoises are well advanced. Thus, it is not enough to leave the animal in the garden and leave at will. These reptiles deserve all kinds of attention and are a very interesting pets. Thus, we can offer a turtle the same attention as any other pet: accommodation according to your needs, nutrient supply and potential for replication.
Terrapin Some tortoises are protected by law, such as the tortoise (Testudo graeca) and (Testudo Hermanni). In both cases, it is prohibited to capture and life in captivity. This is necessary so that these species continue populating the planet. However, there are others which even can be purchased at specialty stores. Some of the highlights are: red-footed tortoise (Testudo Carbonara), the yellow-legged (Testudo denticulata) and box turtles (Testudo Carolina).
Accommodation and temperature
It should be borne in mind that housing is one of the most important considerations when converting to a pet turtle. Terrariums (containers with soil) have to mold to the number and size of the animals to hold.
turtle in the water When these are small reptiles, an aquarium can be old enough, but to grow, you need to buy a larger container. Its height should be about 30 inches to prevent drafts. The bottom of this receptacle is covered with a layer of coarse gravel, boulders and dead branches, which provide comfort to the animal. Furthermore, it has to introduce in it a scoop for water and one for the food. For the home of the turtle is comfortable, you’ll need heating and lighting.
Like other reptiles, turtles do not have a constant internal temperature. For this they need external sources of heat. Simply infrared lamps which allow heating of the turtle terrarium and without raising the temperature. Nevertheless, this is not sufficient because, from time to time, we must allow the turtle to receive dire
ct sunlight that will optimize the production of vitamin D, healthy skin.
On the other hand, it is convenient to place anywhere in the terrarium a refuge and a container. The first serves to shelter the turtles to temperature changes and to pass withdrawn their hibernation in the fall. The container, for its part, serves to adjust the moisture content.
How to feed
turtles The tortoises can be fed with all kinds of fruits and vegetables such as lettuce, tomatoes, carrots, plums or strawberries. To complement your diet can be given some meat, like beef liver, beef, dog food, snails and insects. They also have to take calcium can be supplemented with a mineral block or specific preparations.
If it is intended that the turtles reproduce, they must wait for spring. It is at this time of year when the males fight to achieve a female. Once fertilized, it quickly dug a hole in the ground and deposited on it from six to ten eggs. After two months, hatchlings born beautiful.
Turtles are ideal for the first pet for a child for its easy care as well as call your attention much.
There are many options in terms of space where they can settle our turtles. Options ranging from a small house of turtles round, oval or kidney-shaped ornaments and attractive colors to tanks that can become true natural ecosystems to sea. It will be our delight, patience and availability what will make us decide between different habitats available to turtles.
The small turtle (round, oval, etc …) have the limitation that can accommodate only two or three turtles. Just need a bit of gravel, water conditioner to remove chlorine from this and a calcium to keep your turtle shell softens.
However, for those who prefer their turtles have a larger habitat may be used for glass tanks of 5, 10 or 20 gallons that can be decorated with wood, gravel and stones so that turtles can escape to the surface. In this turtle should set you up a filter (preferably internal) to help keep the water clean, so they would not have to be changing so frequently. This filter is optional.
No common water turtle is fully aquatic, so they must be vented to the surface. I really do not need large amounts of water to live, but neither should be completely dry environments for long.
The accommodation for tortoises is almost always more or less dry areas, they should put up a terrarium, preferably in the garden, where turtles will eat grass and take the sun, however it is recommended that you also have another space with shade, because like shelter from the sun from time to time.
To build your terrarium can be used wooden boxes and shelters with smooth stones, making sure they are firmly and not too high that the turtles will not fall.
The material of the terrarium soil should not be very fine sand or earth as the animal spread its legs, head and eyes.
The best materials for this purpose are wood chips and gravel, where the turtle can dig and enter without getting hurt.
We recommend keeping them away from some plants, such as smooth cactus, succulents and aloes. Keep water containers that are not deep or narrow and are heavy so they can not tip it over.
The turtles use their food so inefficient and constantly seem to be making the stool, which should be cleaned once a day. If we have small turtle, seek to change the water daily in this type of habitat to prevent odor. If we have a larger turtle having some kind of filter, it will work for us part of cleaning the water, but when we deem necessary to perform a water change and cleaning of the tank.
It is important to have good hygiene with our turtles for them and for ourselves, as well as preserving the cleanliness, hygiene routine activities and meals we do, are part of living with our turtles and their knowledge.
Most turtles are easily kept in captivity and accept a wide variety of foods prepared especially for them. An example is the small shrimp, mosquito larvae, or small “pellets”, all are generally accepted with pleasure. It is convenient with these options variables their diet to avoid boredom, also gladly accept live food like brine shrimp and minnows, so once or twice a week that will be beneficial to consume their diet. Do not feed too much as the water becomes very dirty, we give what we consume in two minutes. If occasionally sprinkle vitamins in their food will have a balanced diet, especially if they are growing turtles.
Calcium and phosphorus are important for the turtles as they consist mainly of a shell, that is basically composed by a bone calcium and phosphorus, so mostly juveniles that are in development, they must provide calcium. Calcium exists commercially and sold in ingot is placed in the water helping your turtle shell is not soft.
We should not keep turtles and fish in one tank and that their needs are different, the turtles use the lowest water level the fish, require the surfacing, in addition to defecate a lot and dirty water, which do not are ideal conditions for fish, also if you have more than one turtle species keep them separated by species.
The sex of these animals is difficult to deduce. One way to tell depends on the spots that are abdomen, if they have many points the turtle must be male and if it has few must be female.
If you give your turtle a suitable habitat and a balanced diet there are many possibilities for long Conserves and see them develop.
They are divided into three groups:
- Terrestrial (Greek red-legged, Amboina, etc.).
- Water (Japanese jicotecas of reeve, snapping, softshell (Ram, the silt). Etc)
- Marina (not sold as pets)